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Russian Spiti


  Russia, country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. Once the preeminent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R. commonly known as the Soviet Union), Russia became an independent country after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.
  Russia is a land of superlatives. By far the world’s largest country, it covers nearly twice the territory of Canada, the second largest. It extends across the whole of northern Asia and the eastern third of Europe, spanning 11 time zones and incorporating a great range of environments and landforms, from deserts to semiarid steppes to deep forests and Arctic tundra. Russia contains Europe’s longest river, the Volga, and its largest lake, Ladoga. Russia also is home to the world’s deepest lake, Baikal, and the country recorded the world’s lowest temperature outside the North and South poles.
  The inhabitants of Russia are quite diverse. Most are ethnic Russians, but there also are more than 120 other ethnic groups present, speaking many languages and following disparate religious and cultural traditions. Most of the Russian population is concentrated in the European portion of the country, especially in the fertile region surrounding Moscow, the capital. Moscow and St. Petersburg (formerly Leningrad) are the two most important cultural and financial centres in Russia and are among the most picturesque cities in the world. Russians are also populous in Asia, however; beginning in the 17th century, and particularly pronounced throughout much of the 20th century, a steady flow of ethnic Russians and Russian-speaking people moved eastward into Siberia, where cities such as Vladivostok and Irkutsk now flourish.
  Although ethnic Russians comprise more than four-fifths of the country’s total population, Russia is a diverse, multiethnic society. More than 120 ethnic groups, many with their own national territories, speaking some 100 languages live within Russia’s borders. Many of these groups are small—in some cases consisting of fewer than a thousand individuals—and, in addition to Russians, only a handful of groups have more than a million members each: the Tatars, Ukrainians, Chuvash, Bashkir, Chechens, and Armenians. The diversity of peoples is reflected in the 21 minority republics, 10 autonomous districts, and autonomous region contained within the Russian Federation. In most of these divisions, the eponymous nationality (which gives its name to the division) is outnumbered by Russians. Since the early 1990s, ethnicity has underlain numerous conflicts (e.g., in Chechnya and Dagestan) within and between these units; many national minorities have demanded more autonomy and, in a few cases, even complete independence. Those parts of Russia that do not form autonomous ethnic units are divided into various territories (kraya) and regions (oblasti), and there are two federal cities (St. Petersburg and Moscow).

Capital City: Moscow
Population: 145.977.109 (2021)
Religion: Orthodox Christianity
National Holidays:

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 8 Jan New Year Holidays, 7 Jan Christmas Day, 23 Feb Defender of the Fatherland Day, 8 Mar International Women’s Day, 1 May Spring and Labour Holiday, 3 May Day off for Spring and Labor Day, 9 May Victory Day, 10 May Day off for Victory Day, 12 June Day of Russia, 14 June Day off for Russia Day, 4 Nov National Unity Day

Official language: Russian
Climate: Russia has a largely continental climate because of its sheer size and compact configuration
Local Dish: Borscht, Shchi, Solyanka, Ukha, Pirozhki, Pelmeni, Blini, Shashlyk, Beef Stroganoff, Ikra
Ports & Airports:

Ports: St. Petersburg, Novorossiysk, Vladivostok, Kaliningrad, Murmansk

Airports: Sheremetyevo Int. Airport, Domodedovo Int. Airport, Vnukovo Int. Airport, Pulkovo Airport, Sochi Int. Airport, Tolmachevo Airport, Koltsovo Airport, Simferopol Int. Airport, Pashkovsky Airport


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